8-Quinolinol 5-, 7- and 5,7-sulfonic acids were treated with N-halosuccinimides (NXS) where the halogen atom was chlorine, bromine or iodine under different conditions of solvent, temperature and time. Under neutral or basic conditions the sulfonic acid group was retained while in dilute acid the SO3H group was largely displaced by halogen. Excess NXS caused additional electrophilic substitution. Mild hydrolysis of 5-iodo-8-quinolinol-7-sulfonic acid and 7-iodo-8-quinolinol-5-sulfonic acid with 15% sulfuric acid in acetic acid formed the 5- and 7-iodo-8-quinolinol respectively in high yield.
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