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Trends in Chemical Engineering   Volumes    Volume 14 
Pretreatment for sugar cane bagasse by SC-CO2 explosion for biofuel production
Kátia Yuri Fausta Kawase, Gerson Luiz Vieira Coelho
Pages: 29 - 36
Number of pages: 8
Trends in Chemical Engineering
Volume 14 

Copyright © 2012 Research Trends. All rights reserved

Conversion of abundant lignocellulosic biomass to biofuels as transportation fuels presents a viable option for improving energy security and reducing greenhouse emissions. Lignocellulosic materials, such as agricultural residues, are abundant renewable resources for bioconversion to sugars. The sugar cane bagasse was studied here to obtain simple sugars for the production of alcohols and other chemicals. The crystalline structure of cellulose and the lignin that physically seals the surrounding cellulose fibers make enzymatic hydrolysis difficult by preventing the contact between the cellulose and the enzyme. Two different samples of sugar cane (bagasse pulp and skin) were used and compared with microcrystalline cellulose (Avicel). The investigated samples were pretreated with SC-CO2 explosion before hydrolysis and can be used to obtain simple sugars for fermentation to alcohol and other chemicals.
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