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Current Topics in Peptide & Protein Research   Volumes    Volume 14 
Kinetic and mechanistic behavior of the ascorbate ion-glutathione mixture in the visible-light-mediated oxidation of tryptophan
Ernesto Haggi, Nestor Blasich, M. Paulina Montaña, Gabriela Ferrari, Vanesa Muñoz, Cecilia Challier, Susana Criado, José Natera, Sandra Miskoski, Norman A. García
Pages: 55 - 65
Number of pages: 11
Current Topics in Peptide & Protein Research
Volume 14 

Copyright © 2013 Research Trends. All rights reserved

Within the framework of the frequently invoked correlation between antioxidant contents and potential antioxidative protection, the stability of the amino acid (AA), tryptophan (trp), taken as a prototype of relevant photooxidizable biological target, was evaluated in the presence of the known antioxidant ascorbate ion (AsA). The peptide glutathione (GSH) was also included in order to eliminate thermal decomposition of AsA. Riboflavin (Rf, vitamin B2), endogenous in most biological environments, was employed as a photosensitizer. A systematic kinetic and mechanistic study was conducted under aerobic conditions in pH 7 aqueous medium. The evaluation of oxygen uptake rates (OUR) in the photoirradiated mixtures, taken as an overall indicator of the total oxidation degree of the mixture components, constitutes an interesting and useful tool in this case. In the presence of Rf, the isolated AA and AsA undergo photodegradation under conditions currently found in natural media. The photodegradations occur in a non-simple reaction, mediated by reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as singlet molecular oxygen (O2(1g)), superoxide radical anion, hydrogen peroxide and hydroxyl radical. All ROS are photogenerated from triplet excited Rf after interaction with the ground state of AsA and trp. The photoirradiation also triggers an already described parallel thermally-driven and dark reaction on AsA which is stopped by the addition of GSH. The global outcome can be interpreted as a sort of conjunctive antioxidant protection exerted on the system AsA + trp + GSH upon Rf-photosensitization, a result that cannot be predicted from the individual behavior of the mixture components.
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