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Current Topics in Pharmacology   Volumes    Volume 22 
Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane, an old pesticide with a new mechanism of toxicity
Ilaria Pietrantoni, Mario Rossi, Marco Scarselli, Irene Fasciani, Francesco Marampon, Roberto Maggio
Pages: 69 - 76
Number of pages: 8
Current Topics in Pharmacology
Volume 22 

Copyright © 2018 Research Trends. All rights reserved

Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) is an organochlorine derivative known for its detrimental effect on human health. It was abundantly used as a pesticide and finally banned in many countries for its toxicity. Because of its extremely long half-life (up to 10 years), DDT is still blamed to cause health problems, due to the accumulation in the environment. We have previously shown that in vitro exposure to DDT causes severe membrane shedding with the release of vesicular organelles such as exosomes and/or ectosomes. A large body of evidence has shown that these vesicles, other than being directly involved in physiological exchanges of cellular materials, are implicated in the pathogenesis of several diseases such as viral and neurodegenerative diseases as well as tumorigenesis. In this short review, we discuss how the increased release of extracellular vesicles could explain the enhanced risk of diseases in patients exposed to organochlorine derivatives such as DDT.
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