Home | My Profile | Contact Us
Research Trends Products  |   order gateway  |   author gateway  |   editor gateway  
Register | Forgot Password

Author Resources
 Author Gateway
 Article submission guidelines

Editor Resources
 Editor/Referee Gateway

 Regional Subscription Agents/Distributors
Current Topics in Electrochemistry   Volumes    Volume 22 
Electrochemical oxidation of antibiotics in wastewater: A review
Asim Yaqub, Irum Firdaus, Huma Ajab, Iftikhar Zeb, Mohamed Hasnain Isa
Pages: 87 - 97
Number of pages: 11
Current Topics in Electrochemistry
Volume 22 

Copyright © 2020 Research Trends. All rights reserved

Pharmaceuticals are among the notorious organic groups that are synthetically being produced right now. Numerous pharmaceutical compounds are produced worldwide on a daily basis. Release of such compounds through various pathways in the environment causes toxicity even if it’s present in micrograms. Among the various classes of pharmaceuticals, antibiotics are the most widely prescribed and used class. Many conventional treatment technologies like the physical separation techniques and biological treatment processes are not efficient enough to completely remove these antibiotics from the media. Electrochemical techniques have emerged as promising new technology in this regard. Electrochemical techniques are divided into electrochemical separation techniques and electrochemical advanced oxidation techniques. The electrochemical separation techniques separate the pollutant from the solution only and include techniques like electrocoagulation, electro-flotation and internal micro electrolysis. The electrochemical oxidation technique has hydroxyl radical (·OH) as the main degrading agent produced in-situ during the electrolysis process at the anode surface. This hydroxyl radical is considered as the second most strongest oxidizing agent after Flourine. Much research has been done on the electrodes that are responsible for electrochemical oxidation. pH, current density, time of electrolysis, electrlyte concentration all play a vital role in the process completion. In spite of their efficiency in an organic matter degradation, the electrodes responsible for bringing out this process are quite expensive and a competiton between different oxidizing agents might develop in the reaction cells which may bring down the process efficiency.
Buy this Article


Buy this article
Buy this volume
Subscribe to this title
Shopping Cart

Quick Links
Search Products
Browse in Alphabetical Order : Journals
Browse by Subject Classification : Journals

Ordering Information Ordering Information
Downloadable forms Downloadable Forms